New York University
David Ludden teaches Asian History at NYU-NY, where he is Chair of the History Department and founding director of the New York Center for Global Asia. His specialization is in agrarian history and the transformation of rural environments from ancient to modern times. He received his PhD from the University of Pennsylvania in 1978, served on the faculty there from 1981 to 2007. He served as President of the Association for Asian Studies in 2002.
「 Eurasian Trade and Imperial Nations in Southern Asia 」
Current crises facing Kashmiris and Rohingyas have analogous origins in the military reterritorialization of social spaces which had been formed over many centuries by patterns of mobility and settlement along Eurasian trade routes. Territorial identities in Kashmir and Arakan had combined sedentary and mobile features; mingling trade with farming; combining political and religious cultures in South, Central and Southeast Asia; and connecting East and West along trade routes around the Silk Road and Indian Ocean. In the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, complex, mixed, local populations — formed by many centuries of trade, migration, settlement, conquest, and mobility — became victims of imperial wars that defined modern nations in South and Southeast Asia. The forced incorporation of Arakan into what became Myanmar and Kashmir into what became India and Pakistan imposed upon Muslims in both these regions two versions of the marginalization and persecution that afflicts many peoples forced into rigidly nationalist territorial boundaries during the violent demise of modern empires and rise of national states.