China and the Emergence of a Global Small Hydropower Network, ca 1980s

Speaker: Arunabh Ghosh
Venue: Seminar Room I, Kamaladevi Complex, India International Centre, New Delhi, India
Date & Time:
2023-7-10 | 18:30 (New Delhi)

Co-sponsored by India International Centre; Centre for China Studies, Ashoka University; and Center for Global Asia, NYU Shanghai

This talk explores China’s role in emerging global small hydropower networks of the late 1970s and 1980s. Starting early in the decade, Chinese small hydropower expertise and technology traveled across the Global South, and even made its way to the United States. China also came to play an increasingly central role in a host of ambitious international small hydropower conferences‚ÄĒin places like Kathmandu, Nairobi, and Hangzhou. In this paper, I trace and contextualize this story, unpacking in the process how Chinese expertise was exported abroad and how it came to serve as a benchmark for global small hydropower projects. Such a story has implications for how we understand global histories of development, energy, and the environment and China‚Äôs place in those histories. In particular, the story here provides a longer dur√©e perspective on China‚Äôs current status as a global leader in two related areas. Firstly, it helps qualify and revise perceptions of China‚Äôs place as leader in large dam technology, pointing to an earlier investment in small hydropower, which achieved far-reaching global influence by the 1980s. Secondly, the growing spread through the 1980s of China‚Äôs small hydropower expertise globally anticipates in some ways a defining feature of China‚Äôs global engagement today: infrastructure consulting and construction.

Arunabh Ghosh is an associate professor in the History Department at Harvard University. A historian of modern China, his interests include social and economic history, history of science and statecraft, environmental history, and transnational history. Ghosh is the author of Making it Count: Statistics and Statecraft in the Early People’s Republic of China¬†(Princeton, 2020). He is now working on a history of small hydropower in the PRC. Other ongoing projects include writing histories of China-India scientific networks and a collaborative archival project on China-related materials within the Nehru Papers.¬†

Chaired by Shri Shyam Saran, President, IIC.

*In-person event. No registration required.

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