China-India Bibliography

A List in Progress

This is an attempt to compile a list of key writings on China-India topics, which will be eventually added to a China-India database. Anyone can contribute to the list by suggesting entries here. These entries (including Ph.D. Dissertations)  should place China and India within a single investigative framework, or have important relevance to examining issues related to China and India. They could cover any time period and be in any language, but please provide translations for non-English entries. Op-eds and policy papers will not be included on this list.

Questions, clarifications, and corrections could be sent here.

Last Updated: July 10, 2020

Abraham, Itty. 2008a. “Bandung and State Formation in Post-Colonial Asia.” Bandung Revisited: The Legacy of the 1955 Asian African Conference for International Order, edited by See Seng Tan and Amitav Acharya, 48–67. Singapore: NUS Press.

_______. 2008b. “From Bandung to NAM: Non-alignment and Indian Foreign Policy, 1947–65.” Commonwealth & Comparative Politics 46.2: 195–219.

Abraham, Meera. 1988. Two Medieval Merchant Guilds of South India. New Delhi: Manohar, 1988.

Acharya, Alka. “India-China Relations: An Overview.” In The Peacock and the Dragon: India-China Relations in the 21st Century, edited by Kanti Bajpai and Amitabh Matoo, 168-198. New Delhi: Har-Anand Publications, 2000.

Acharya, Amitav. 2017. East of India, South of China: Sino-Indian Encounters in Southeast Asia. New Delhi: Oxford University Press.

Acker, William R. B. 1974. Some T’ang and Pre-T’ang Texts on Chinese Painting, Volume II, Part 1. Leiden: E.J. Brill.

“Address Presented to His Holiness Tai Hsu.’ The Maha-Bodhi: Journal of the Maha Bodhi Society 48.2–3 (February & March 1940): 92–93.

ʿAḫbār as-Ṣīn wa l-Hind and Jean Sauvaget, trans. 1948. Relation de la Chine et de L’Inde: rédigée en 851 (Relation of China and India, written in 851). Paris: Les Belles Lettres.

Ahmad, S. Maqbul. 1989. Arabic Classical Accounts of India and China. Shimla: Indian Institute of Advanced Study.

Aitken, Molly and Eugene Wang. 2018. “Art and Vision: Varieties of World Making.” In What China and India Once Were: The Pasts That May Shape the Global Future, edited by Sheldon Pollock and Benjamin Elman, 265-309. New York: Columbia University Press.

Akasoy, Ana. 2013. “The Buddha and the Straight Path. Rashīd al-Dīn’s Life of the Buddha: Islamic Perspectives.” In Rashīd al-Dīn. Agent and Mediator of Cultural Exchanges in Ilkhanid Iran, edited by Anna Akasoy, Charles Burnett, and Ronit Yoeli-Tlalim, 173–196. London and Turin: The Warburg Institute and Nino Aragno Editore.

Al-Tajir, Sulayman, Abū Zaid Hasan ibn Yazı̄d Al-Sirafi and the late Learned Eusebius Renaudot, trans. 1733. Ancient Accounts of India and China by Two Mohammedan Travellers Who Went to Those Parts in the Ninth Century. London: Printed for Sam. Harding at the Bible and Anchor on the Pavement in St. Martins-Lane.

Andrade, Tonio. 2016. The Gunpowder Age: China, Military Innovation, and the Rise of the West in World History. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Anonymous. 1931a “Tan Yunshan tiaochen zhi Zang zhengce” 譚雲山條陳治藏政策 (Tan Yunshan’s Memorandum on the Policy of Governing Tibet). Yiyuan 藝園 1.23: 252–53.

Anonymous. 1931b. “Zhengzhi: Tan Yunshan shangshu Guofu tiaochen zhi Zang celüe” 政治:譚雲山上書國府條陳治藏策略 (Politics: Tan Yunshan’s Memorandum to the Guomindang Government Regarding the Strategies of Governing Tibet). Guanhai 觀海2: 38–40.

Anonymous. 1955. The Indian Cultural Delegation in China, 1955. Beijing Foreign Languages Press.

Anonymous. 1963. The India-China Border Dispute and the Communist Party of India: Resolutions, Statements and Speeches, 1959–1963. New Delhi: Communist Party Publication.

Aris, Michael. 1995. ‘Jigs-med-gling-pa’s “Discourse on India” of 1789: A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation of the lHo-phyogs rgya-gar-gyi gtam brtag-pa brgyad-ki me-long. Tokyo: The International Institute for Buddhist Studies.

Ashtor, E. 1976. “Spice Prices in the Near East in the 15th Century.” Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society 108.1 (January): 26–41.

Atwell, William S. 1982. “International Bullion Flows and the Chinese Economy circa 1530–1650.” The Past and Present Society 95 (May): 68–90.

Atwill, David G. 2018. Islamic Shangri-La Inter-Asian Relations and Lhasa’s Muslim Communities, 1600 to 1960. Oakland: University of California Press.

Aydin, Cemil. 2007. The Politics of Anti-Westernism in Asia: Visions of World Order in Pan-Islamic and Pan-Asian Thought. New York: Columbia University Press, 2007.

Bagchi, P[rabodh] C[handra]. 1927. “India and China: A Thousand Years of Cultural Relations.” Greater India Society Bulletin 2: 1–42.

_______. 1927–1938, Le Canon Bouddhique en Chine: Les traducteurs et les traductions, 2 vols. Paris: Librarie Orientaliste Paul Geuthner, 1927–1938.

_______. “On Foreign Element in Tantra.” Indian Historical Quarterly 7 (1931): 1-16.

_______. 1938. Le Canon Bouddhique en Chine, les Traducteurs et les Traductions. 2 vols. Calcutta: University of Calcutta Press.

_______. [1944] 2012. “Sino-Indian Spheres of Influences.” In India and China: Interactions through Buddhism and Diplomacy, A Collection of Essays by Professor Prabodh Chandra Bagchi, comp. by Wang Bangwei and Tansen Sen, 179–183. Delhi and London: Anthem Press.

_______. 1945. “Report for the Year 1945.” Visva-Bharati Annals 1: i–v.

_______. [1945] 2012. “Political Relations between Bengal and China in the Pathan Period.” In India and China: Interactions through Buddhism and Diplomacy, A Collection of Essays by Professor Prabodh Chandra Bagchi, comp. by Bangwei Wang and Tansen Sen, 109–135. London: Anthem Press.

_______. [1947] 2012. “The Visva-Bharati Cheena Bhavana.” In India and China: Interactions through Buddhism and Diplomacy, A Collection of Essays by Professor Prabodh Chandra Bagchi, edited by Wang Bangwei and Tansen Sen, 199–201. Delhi and London: Anthem Press.

_______. [1948] 2012. “Ancient Chinese Names of India.” In India and China: Interactions through Buddhism and Diplomacy, A Collection of Essays by Professor Prabodh Chandra Bagchi, edited by Wang Bangwei and Tansen Sen, 3–11. Delhi and London: Anthem Press.

_______. ‘Two Buddhist Stotras Restored by Sylvain Levi.” Sino-Indian Studies 1.1 (October 1944): 99-110.

_______. India and China: A Thousand Years of Cultural Relations. Rev. ed. Bombay: Hind Kitabs Limited, 1950.

Bailey, H.W. “An Itinerary in Khotanese Saka.” Acta Orientalia 14.4 (1936): 258-267.

_______. 1938. “Hvatanica III.” Bulletin of the School of Priental Studies 9.3 (1938): 521–543.

_______. 1971. “The Culture of the Iranian Kingdom of Ancient Khotan in Chinese Turkestan: The Expansion of Early Indian Influence into Northern Asia.” Memoirs of the Research Department of The Toyo Bunko (The Oriental Library) 29: 17-29.

Banerjee, Payal. 2007. “Chinese Indians in Fire: Refractions of Ethnicity, Gender, Sexuality and Citizenship in Post-Colonial India’s Memories of the Sino-Indian War.” China Report 43.3: 437–46.

Barrett, T.H. “Exploratory Observations on Some Weeping Pilgrims.” The Bud¬dhist Studies Forum, vol. 1: Seminar Papers 1987-1988, edited by Tadeusz Skorupski, 99-110. London: School of Oriental and African Studies, Uni¬versity of London, 1990.

Basu, Abhishek. 2007. “Performing Other-Wise: ‘Death-Defying’ China as Seen by Ramnath Biswas.” China Report 43.4. (October–December): 485–499.

Basu, B.K. 1986. Call of Yanan: Story of the Indian Medical Mission to China, 1938–43. Bombay: All India Kotnis Memorial Committee.

Bayly, Susan. 2004. “Imagining ‘Greater India’: French and Indian Visions of Colonialism in the Indic Mode.” Modern Asian Studies 38. 3: 703–744.

_______. 2007. “India’s ‘Empire of Culture’: Sylvain Lévi and the Greater india Society.” Sylvain Lévi (1863–1935): Etudes Indiennes, Histoire Sociale Bibliothèque de l’Ecole des Hautes Études, Sciences Religieuses, edited by L. Bansat-Boudon and R. Lardinois, pp. 193–212. Turnhout: Brepols Publishers.

Beal, Samuel. ‘Two Chinese-Buddhist Inscriptions Found at Buddha Gayā.” Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain & Ireland 13 (October 1881): 552-572.

_______. The Life of Hiuen-tsiang by the Shaman Hwui Li: With an Introduction Contain¬ing an Account of the Works of I-tsing. London: Kegan Paul, Trench, Trübner & Co. Ltd., 1911.

Beckwith, Christopher I. “The Impact of the Horse and Silk Trade on the Econ¬omies of T’ang China and the Uighur Empire: On the Importance of International Commerce in the Early Middle Ages.” Journal of the Eco¬nomic and Social History of the Orient 34 (1991): 183-198.

_______. The Tibetan Empire in Central Asia: A History of the Struggle for Great Power among Tibetans, Turks, Arabs, and Chinese during the Early Middle Ages. 1987. Reprint, Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1993.

Bellina, Bérénice and Ian Glover. 2004. “The Archaeology of Early Contact with India and the Mediterranean World, From the Fourth Century BC to the Fourth Century AD. In South-East Asia: From Prehistory to History, edited by Ian Glover and Peter Bellwood, 66–88. London: Routledge.

Benn, James A. “Where Text Meets Flesh: Burning the Body as an Apocryphal Practice in Chinese Buddhism.” History of Religions 37.4 (May 1998): 296-321.

_______. Burning for the Buddha: Self-immolation in Chinese Buddhism. Honolulu: University of Hawai’i Press, 2007.

_______. 2015. A. Tea in China: A Religious and Cultural History. Honolulu: University of Hawai‘i Press.

Bennett, A.G. “Translations of Sanskrit Buddhist Literature in China Previous to the 5th Century.” Maha Bodhi 65 (1957): 77-82.

_______. “Chinese Translation of Sanskrit Buddhist Literature During the 5th and 6th Centuries.” Maha Bodhi 66.1 (1958): 2-10.

_______. “Cross-cultural Interaction and Periodization in World History.” The American Historical Review 101.3 (June 1996): 749-770.

Berjeaut, Julien. 1999. Chinois à Calcutta: Les Tigres du Bengale. Paris: L’Harmattan.

Bhattacharya, Amitava. 2014. Survey of Sino Indian Artistic Discourse: A Twentieth Century Framework. Kolkata: Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Institute of Asian Studies and Towards Freedom.

Bhattacharya, Jayati and Coonor Kripalani, ed. 2015. Indian and Chinese Immigrant Communities: Compratative Perspectives. London: Anthem Press.

Bickers, Robert and Jonathan J. Howlett, ed. 2016. Britain and China, 1840–1970: Empire, Finance and War. London: Routledge.

Bickers, Robert. 2016. “Britain and China, and India, 1830–1947. In Britain and China, 1840–1970: Empire, Finance and War, edited by Robert Bickers and Jonathan J. Howlett, 58–83. London: Routledge.

Birnbaum, Raoul. Studies on the Mysteries of Mañjuśrī: A Group of East Asian Maṇḍalas and their Traditional Symbolism. Boulder: Society for the Study of Chinese Religions, 1983.

_______. 1984. “Thoughts on T’ang Buddhist Mountain Tradition and Their Context.” T’ang Studies 2 (winter 1984): 5-23.

_______. 1985. “Seeking Longevity in Chinese Buddhism: Long Life Deities and Their Symbolism. Journal of Chinese Religions 13-14 (fall 1985 & 1986): 143-176.

_______. 1986. “The Manifestation of a Monastery: Shen-Ying’s Experiences on Mount Wu-T’ai in Tang Context.” Journal of American Oriental Society 106.1 (1986): 119–137.

_______. 1989. The Healing Buddha. Rev. ed. Boulder: Shambhala.

_______. 1989. “Secret Halls of the Mountain Lords: The Caves of Wu-T’ai Shan.” Cahiers d’Extrême-Asie 5 (1989-1990): 115-140.

Biswas, Ramnath. 1941. Maranbijayi Chin (Death-Defying China). Calcutta: Prajatak Prakasana Bhavan.

_______. 1943. Lal Chin (Red China). Calcutta: Parjatak Prakasana Bhavan.

_______. 1944. China Defies Death. Calcutta: Bose Press.

_______. 1949. Mukta Mahachin (Liberated Great China). Calcutta: Bose Press.

Bokshchanin, A. A. “Sino-Indian Relations from Ancient Times to the Sixteenth Century.” In China and Her Neighbours: From Ancient Times to the Middle Ages, a Collection of Essays, edited by S.L. Tikhvinsky, 105-138. Moscow: Progress Publishers, 1981.

Bonnerjee, Jayani. 2010. “Neighbourhood, City, Diaspora: Identity and Belonging for Calcutta’s Anglo-Indian and Chinese Communities.” Ph.D. Dissertation, Queen Mary, University of London.

Borgen, Robert. “San Tendai Godai san ki as a Source for the Study of Sung History.” The Bulletin of Sung and Yuan Studies 19 (1987): 1-16.

Bose, Phanindra Nath. 1923. The Indian Teachers in China. Madras: S. Ganesan.

Bose, Sugata. 2009. A Hundred Horizons: The Indian Ocean in the Age of Global Empire. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

Boucher, Daniel. “Buddhist Translation Procedures in Third-Century China: A Study of Dharmarakṣa and his Translation Idiom.” Ph.D. diss., University of Pennsylvania, 1996.

_______. “Gāndhāri and the Early Chinese Translations Reconsidered: The Case of the Saddharmapuṇḍarīkasūtra.” Journal of the American Oriental Society 118. 4 (1998): 471-506.

_______. “On Hu and Fan Again: The Transmission of ‘Barbarian’ Manuscripts to China.” Journal of the International Association of Buddhist Studies 23.1 (2000): 7-28.

_______. Bodhisattvas of the Forest and the Formation of the Mahāyāna: A Study and Translation of the Rāṣṭrapālaparipṛcchā-sūtra. Honolulu: University of Hawai’i Press, 2008.

Bowring, Richard. “Brief Note: Buddhist Translations in the Northern Sung.” Asia Major, 3d ser., 5.2 (1992): 79-93.

Brough, John. ‘The Chinese Pseudo-Translation of Ārya-Śūra’s Jātaka-mālā.” Asia Major, n.s., 11.1 (1964): 27-53.

Brown, Roger H. 2011. “Sun Yat-sen: ‘Pan-Asianism,’ 1924.” In Pan-Asianism: A Documentary History, Volume 2: 1900-Present, edited by Sven Saaler and Christopher W. A. Szpilman, 75–85. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield.

Bunker, Emma C. 1991. “The Chinese Artifacts Among the Pazyryk.” Source: Notes in the History of Art 10.4 (Summer): 20–24.

Buswell, Robert E. ed. Chinese Buddhist Apocrypha. Honolulu: University of Hawai‘i Press, 1990.

Bysack, Gaur Das. 1890. “Notes on a Buddhist a Buddhist Monastery at Bhoṭ Bāgān in Howrah. Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal 59. 1: 50–99.

Cammann, Schuyler. 1949. “The Panchen Lama’s Visit to China in 1780: An Episode in Anglo-Tibetan Relations.” The Far Eastern Quarterly 9.1 (November): 3–19.

_______. 1951. Trade Through the Himalayas: The Early British Attempts to Open Tibet. Westport: Greenwood Press Publishers.

Canby, Sheila. 1993. “Depictions of Buddha Sakyamuni in the Jami’al-Tavarikh and the Majma’al-Tavarikh.” Muqarnas 10: 299–310.

Cao, Yin. 2017. From Policemen to Revolutionaries: A Sikh Diaspora in Global Shanghai, 1885-1945. Leiden: Brill.

Cartelli, Mary Anne. The Five-Colored Clouds of Mount Wutai: Poems from Dunhuang. Leiden: Brill, 2013.

Ch’en, Kenneth K.S. ‘The Economic Background of the Hui-ch’ang Suppres¬sion of Buddhism.” Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies 8 (1956): 241-332.

_______. “The Sale of Monk Certificates During the Sung Dynasty: A Factor in the Decline of Buddhism in China.” Harvard Theological Review 49 (1956): 307-327.

_______. Buddhism in China: A Historical Survey. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1964.

_______. The Chinese Transformation of Buddhism. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1973.

Chakravarti, Ranabir. 1999. “Early Medieval Bengal and the Trade in Horses: A Note.” Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 42.2: 194–211.

Chang, Renxia 常任侠. 1954. “Zhong-Yin wenhua de jiaoliu 中印文化的交流 (Cultural Exchange between China and India).” Zhongguo Gudian Yishu 中国古典藝術 (Chinese Classical Arts) 6: 120-144.

_______. 1955. “India’s Art — and China’s.” Zhongguo Jianshe 中國建設 (China Reconstructs) 4.9 (September): 7-9.

Chang, Xiufeng. 1999. Taijiling zhi qiu: Chang Xiufeng lü Yin huiyi lu 大吉嶺之秋:常秀峰旅印回憶錄 (The Autumn in Darjeeling: Memoirs of Chang Xiufeng’s Travels in India). Beijing: Zhongguo wenlian chubanshe.

Chang, Yi. 1980. “West Szechwan and East India: Studies in Early Sino-Indian Relations” (mimeograph).

Chao Huashan 晁華山. “Tangdai tianwenxuejia Qutan Zhuan mu de faxian” 唐代天文學家瞿曇譏墓的發現 (Discovery of the Tomb of the Tang Astrono¬mer Gautama Zhuan). Wenwu 文物 10 (1978): 49-53.

Char, Raghavendra S.U. “Methods and Principles Used in Translating the Bud¬dhist Tripiṭaka into Chinese.” Chinese Culture 32.3 (1991): 37-47.

Chatterji, S. K. 1959. “India and China: Ancient Contacts, What India Received from China.” Journal of the Asiatic Society, Calcutta, 1.1: 89–122.

Chattopadhyaya, Alaka. Atīśa and Tibet: Life and Works of Dīpaṃkara Śrījñāna in Relation to the History and Religion of Tibet With Tibetan Sources, 1967. Reprint, Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass, 1981.

Chaudhuri, K. N. 1985. Trade and Civilisation in the Indian Ocean: An Economic History from the Rise of Islam to 1750. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Chavannes, Éd[ouard]. “Les Inscriptions Chinoises de Bodha-Gayâ: Le Bouddhisme en chine et dans l’Inde aux Xe et Xle siècles.” Revue de l’Histoire des Religions 34 (1896): 1-58.

_______. “Voyages de Song-Yun dans l’Udyāna et la Gandhāra (518-522 apr j.c.).” Bulletin de l’École franşaise d’Extrême-Orient 3(1903): 379-441.

_______. Documents sur les Tou-Kiue (Turcs) Occidentaux, Recueilliset Commentés. St. Pétersbourg: l’Académie Impériale des Sciences de St-Pétersbourg, 1903.

_______. “Notes Additionnelles sur les Tou-kiue (Turcs) Occidentaux.” T’oung Pao 5 (1904): 1-110.

_______. “Notes Sinologiques: l’itinraire de Ki-Ye.” Bulletin de I’École franşaise d’Extrême-Orient 4 (1904): 75-82.

Chen Chien. 1980. “Preliminary Research on the Ancient Passage to India from Szechwan via Yunnan and Burma” (mimeograph). Kunming: The History Research Institute of Yunnan.

Chen, Gaohua 陳高華. 1980. “Yindu Mabear wangzi Bohali lai hua xinkao” 印度馬八爾王子孛哈里來華新考 (New Examination of the Arrival in China of the Prince Bohali [from the] India [Polity] of Ma’bar). Nankai xuebao 南開學報 4: 70–73.

Chen, Jian. 2006. “The Tibetan Rebellion of 1959 and China’s Changing Relations with India and the Soviet Union.” Journal of Cold War Studies 8.3 (Summer): 54–101.

Chen, Jinhua. 1999. Making and Remaking History: A Study of Tiantai Sectarian Historiogra¬phy. Tokyo: The International Institute for Buddhist Studies.

_______. 2002a. Monks and Monarchs, Kinship and Kingship: Tanqian in Sui Buddhism and Politics. Kyoto: Scuola Italiana di Studi sull’Asia Orientale.

_______. 2002b.” Śarīra and Scepter: Empress Wu’s Political Use of Buddhist Relics.” Journal of the International Associate of Buddhist Studies 25. 1–2 (2002): 33–150.

_______. Monks and Monarchs, Kinship and Kingship: Tanqian in Sui Buddhism and Politics. Kyoto: Scuola Italiana di Studi sull’Asia Orientale, 2002.

_______. Philosopher, Practitioner, Politician: The May Lives of Fazang (643-712). Leiden: Brill, 2007.

Chen, Kuan-hsing. 2010a.  Asia as Method: Toward Deimperialization. Durham: Duke University Press.

_______. 2010b. “Zuowei fangfa de Yindu” 作為方法的印度 (India as Method). Dushu 讀書12 (Dec.): 10–15.

Chen, Ming 陳明. 2005a. Sufang yiyao: Chutu wenshu yu Xiyu yixue su殐方異藥:出土文書與西域醫學. Beijing: Beijing daxue chubanshe.

_______. 2005b. Dunhuang chutu Huyu yidian “Jipo shu” yanjiu 敦煌出土胡語醫藥典耆婆書研究 (Research on the Foreign Language Medical Text Book of Jīvaka Excavated from Dunhuang). Taipei: Taipei xinfeng chubanshe.

_______. 2006. “The Transmission of Indian Ayurvedic Doctrines in Medieval China: A Case Study of Aṣṭāṅga and Tridoṣa Fragments from the Silk Road.” Annual Report of the International Research Institute for Advanced Buddhology at Soka University 9: 201–230.

_______. 2013. Zhonggu yiliao ye wailai wenhua 中古醫療與外來文化 (English title: Foreign Medicine and Culture in Medieval China). Beijing: Beijing daxue chubanshe.

Chen, Qian. “Preliminary Research on the Ancient Passage to India from Sichuan via Yunnan and Burma.” Social Sciences in China 2.2 (1981): 113-148.

Chen, Tsu-lung. “On the ‘Hot-spring Inscription’ Preserved by a Rubbing in the Bibliothèque Nationale at Paris.” T’oung Pao 46.1-2 (1958): 376-396.

Chen, Zhilong. 2005. “Shanghai: A Window for Studying Sino-Indian Relations in the Era of Colonization and Imperialism.” In India and China in the Colonial World, edited by Madhavi Thampi, 33-51. New Delhi: Social Science Press.

Chen Yinque [Chen Yinke] 陳寅恪. “Sanguo zhi Caochong Huatuo zhuan yu fojiao gushi” 三國志曹神華佗傳與佛教故事 (The Biographies of Caochong [and] Huatuo in the Records of the Three Kingdoms and Buddhist Stories). In Chen Yinque shixue lunwen xuanji 陳寅恪史學論文選集 (Collection of Selected Scholarly Essays on Historiography by Chen Yinque), edited by Chen Yinque, 36-40. Shanghai: Shanghai guji chubanshe, 1992.

_______. “Wuzhao yu fojiao” 武曌與佛教 (Wuzhao [i.e., Wu Zetian] and Buddhism). In Chen Yinque shixue lunwen xuanji, edited by Chen Yinque, 352-370. Shanghai: Shanghai guji chubanshe, 1992.

_______. “Tangdai zhengzhi shi shulun gao” 唐代政治史述論稿 (A Draft Narrative Discussion of the Political History of the Tang Dynasty). In Chen Yinque shixue lunwen xuanji edited by Chen Yinque, 551-599. Shanghai: Shanghai guji chubanshe, 1992.

Cheuk, Ka-kin. 2016. “Everyday Diplomacy among Indian Traders in a Chinese Fabric Market.” The Cambridge Journal of Anthropology 34.2: 42–58.

Chin, Tamara. 2013. “The Invention of the Silk Road, 1877.” Critical Inquiry 40.1: 194–219.

“Chinese Buddhist Mission in India.” The Maha-Bodhi: Journal of the Maha Bodhi Society 48.2–3 (February & March): 85–91.

Chou, Ta-fu, and P.C. Bagchi. “New Light on the Chinese Inscriptions of Bodh-gayā.” Sino-Indian Studies 1.1 (October 1944): 111-114.

Chou, Yi-lang. 1944–45 “Tantrism in China.” Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies 8: 241–332.

Chowdhury, Rita. 2018. Chinatown Days. Delhi: Macmillan.

Christie, Jan Wisseman. 1998. “The Medieval Tamil-language Inscriptions in Southeast Asia and China.” Journal of Southeast Asian Studies 29.2: 239–268.

_______. 1999. “Asian Sea Trade between the Tenth and Thirteenth Centuries and Its Impact on the States of Java and Bali.” In Archaeology of Seafaring: The Indian Ocean in the Ancient Period, edited by Himanshu Prabha Ray, 221–270. Delhi: Pragati Publications.

Church, Sally K. 2004. “The Giraffe of Bengal: A Medieval Encounter in Ming China.” The Medieval History Journal 7.1: 1–37.

Clark, Hugh R. “Muslims and Hindus in the Culture and Morphology of Quanzhou from the Tenth to the Thirteenth Century.” Journal of World History 6.1 (spring 1995): 49-74.

Cohen, Jerome A. and Leng Shao-chuan. 1972. “The Sino-Indian Dispute over the Internment and Detention of Chinese in India.” In China’s Practice of International Law, edited by Jerome A. Cohen, 268–320. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Conner, Patrick. 1993. George Chinnery, 1774–1852: Artist of India and the China Coast. Suffolk: Antique Collector’s Club.

Coomaraswamy, Ananda K., and Francis Stewart Kershaw. “A Chinese Buddhist Water Vessel and its Indian Prototype.” Artibus Asiae 29.2-3 (1928): 122-141.

“Correspondence.” The Maha-Bodhi: Journal of the Maha Bodhi Society 55.9–10 (September–October 1947): 208–213.

Costello, William. 1949. “Chinese Red’s Advance: India Unruffled.” The Times of India, 28 August: 8, 10.

Cullen, Christopher and Vivienne Lo. 2005. Medieval Chinese Medicine: The Dunhuang Medical Manuscripts. London: Routledge.

Cullen, Christopher. 1982. “An Eighth Century Chinese Table of Tangents.” Chinese Science 5.1: 1–33.

Cunningham, Alexander. 1848. “Verification of the Itinerary of Hwan Thsang through Ariana and India, with Reference to Major Anderson’s Hypothesis of its Modern Compilation.” Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal 17: 476-488.

_______. 1871. The Ancient Geography of India, the Buddhist Period, Including the Campaigns of Alexander and the Travels of Hwan-Thsang. London: Trübner.

Cutts, Elmer H. “Chinese-Indian Contacts Prior to the Latter Half of the First Century.” Indian Historical Quarterly 14 (1938): 486-502.

_______. 1942. “Chinese Studies in Bengal.” Journal of the American Oriental Society 62.3 (September): 171–174.

_______. 1944. “Early Nineteenth Century Chinese Studies in Bengal.” The Indian Historical Quarterly 20.2: 114-131.

_______. 1958. “Political Implications in Chinese Studies in Bengal 1800-1823.” Indian Historical Quarterly 34: 152-163.

Dai Chaowu 戴超武. 2014.”Zhong-Yin bianjie wenti xueshushi shuping (1956-2013)” 中印邊界問題學術時述評 (English title: The Sino-Indian Boundary Questions: A Critical Historiography, 1956-2013). Shixue yuekan 史學月刊10: 91-115.

_______. 2017. “From ‘Hindi-Chini Bhai-Bhai’ to ‘International Class Struggle’ Against Nehru: China’s India Policy and the Frontier Dispute, 1950-62.” In The Sino-Indian War of 1962: New Perspectives, edited by Amit R. Das Gupta and Lorenz M. Lüthi, 68-84. London: Routledge.

_______. 2019. “China’s Strategy for Sino-Indian Boundary Disputes, 1950-1962.” Asian Perspective 43.3 (Summer): 435-457.

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